Whitepaper: Modeling the Lithium-Ion Battery

This paper discusses the benefits of modeling and simulations, in the design, selection, and operation of battery systems, through a gallery of models and simulation results. To understand these results, we also look at the described processes in state-of-the-art models, as they take place in the electrodes, electrolyte as well as on module and battery pack level. The different implication of design parameters and operating conditions are discussed with respect to experimental observations of battery performance, ageing, and battery safety.